Independence in politics is the guiding principle to apply independence in the field of politics.
To keep the principle of independence in politics is an important issue of decisive significance in realizing independence of the people.
General Secretary Kim Jong Il said:
“Maintaining independence in politics means upholding national independence and sovereignty of one’s people, defending their interests and conducting politics by relying on them.”
This principle has two essential contents. One of the contents is to defend national sovereignty and independence and the other is to defend the interests of the people and conduct politics by relying on them.
To keep independence in politics is first of all to defend national independence and sovereignty of the people.
This means to enable the people to exercise sacred rights of national self-determination as masters of the country and to solve all problems by the strength of the nation against all sorts of subjugation and dependency of the nation.
Political life is led with the nation state as a unit. Nation state is the unit of social life that was historically formed and solid collective with independence as life and soul. In the long historical process of the struggle for independence, the people have formed collective, that is nation on the basis of the commonness of blood, language, culture and territory and lived in political, economic and cultural relations with nation state as a unit.
The state power that determines political independence is established with a nation state as a unit and all political life is led through political organizations in the nation state.
Under this condition, in order to keep independence in politics, the country and nation should be independent politically and defend national independence against foreign dependency.
Only then, can they solve all the political problems in their interests in an independent way. The people’s independence can be achieved when national independence is gained and sovereignty is maintained.
Herein lies reason why the defending of the independence and sovereignty of a nation is one of the important contents of the principle of defending independence in politics.
To defend independence in politics, it is important to defend people’s interests and conduct politics relying on them.
To realize politics that defends their interests is to make the politics serve the realization of the demand for independence of the people who want to live independently as masters of their destiny. In other words, it means to make policies of the party and state in accordance with the interests and independent rights and solve all political problems in the direction of implementing them.
To conduct the politics that defends people’s interests is the requirement for the party and people in each country to defend their status of masters. As the masters of politics are the party and people in each country, it is the right of the party and the people to defend their interests. If they are to exercise this right, it is important to set the goal of defending the interests of the people. Only when the politics defend the interests of the people and solve all political problems according to the will and demand of the people, can the people exercise independent rights as masters of politics and defend the position of masters. When the party and state fail to conduct the politics that defends the interests of the people, they cannot exercise the right of masters in the politics nor hold the master’s position.
Therefore, to make the politics serve the interests is the sure guarantee for making the people hold master’s position and standpoint.
It is important requirement for defending independence in politics to set the goal in defending the independent interests and find the means of realizing politics in the strength of the people.
The strength to defend and realize the interests of the people is only in the people. Depending on others, it is impossible to conduct the politics that suit to the will and interests of the people. Dependency leads to the deprivation of the right to politics and such politics can be submissive politics. Therefore, in order to conduct the independent politics that defend the interests of the people, it is important to conduct the politics depending on the strength of the people.
Why is it necessary to keep the principle of independence in politics?
The reason is that political independence is the first criterion and life and soul of the independent sovereign state.
The independent sovereign state is the country that exercises the rights of national self-determination without being subordinated by others and solves all the problems by its own strength.
In order to be independent sovereign state, the country should be independent in politics, self-sufficient in the economy and self-reliant in defense. What is the most important here is political independence.
That is because the criterion for the independent sovereign state is the political independence.
There are many countries that cannot act properly as the independent sovereign state. That is because these countries have certain structure but have no political independence, the criterion for the independent sovereign state.
These countries cannot exercise political sovereignty and follow others in conducting politics. When politics is subordinated, its economy and military are also subordinated. The country without political independence cannot be called the independent sovereign state. The independent sovereign state should apply independence in politics, make politics independently and exercise complete equality and sovereignty in external relations.
Political independence is the first criterion for the independent sovereign state.
Political independence is also the life and soul of the independent sovereign state.
The country without political independence is not country. This is the same as that a man without independence is like a dead man.
The country that was deprived of its political independence and cannot ensure independent rights for the people is the country only in name.
A Korean proverb goes:
“The people without country is little better than a dog in a house of grief.”
This means that without political independence, the country and nation cannot have dignity and value.
As the political independence is the first criterion of the independent sovereign state, it is important to keep the principle of independence in the politics. Only then, is it possible to defend independence, make national prosperity and realize the independence of the people.
Another reason to keep this principle is that the revolutionary cause to realize independence of the people is decided by political independence.
The revolutionary struggle is arduous and complicated.
This struggle takes place amidst constant aggression and interference of the imperialists. This being the case, if one cannot defend political independence, one cannot conduct the revolution and construction properly. To follow another’s instruction finally leads to ruining the revolution. Such facts can be found in the tragic event that socialism was collapsed in Eastern European countries.
To keep the principle of independence in politics is serious issue concerned with the destiny of a country and the revolution.
Finally, what position does this principle take in realizing the independence of the people?
As mentioned before, politics is social function to control and organize in a uniform way the activities of the people according to the common interests of a class or society and so, it is decisive in social life.
The politics is therefore the fundamental issue concerned with the destiny of the people.
In order to realize independence of the people in all fields, it is necessary to defend the principle of independence in politics. Apart from this, any kind of independence is inconceivable.
Juche in ideology is firstly expressed in independence in politics. Ideology is the idealistic. Juche in ideology finds its expression in the independence in politics.
Some people may think to establish Juche in ideology is underlined before and now political independence is stressed.
As ideology decides man’s behavior, when Juche is established in ideology, one can defend independence in politics. In this sense, the establishment of Juche in ideology is primary and important. But the question is through what is Juche in ideology realized.
Juche in ideology is realized through independence in politics.
In this sense, Juche in ideology finds its expression in independence in politics, which is very important.
Self-sufficiency in the economy and self-reliance in defense are guaranteed by independence in politics.
As the economy and military affairs are all controlled by politics, when independence is defended in politics, it is possible to build self-sufficient economy and self-reliant defense.
If depending on others in politics, one can never build economy and military power by oneself.
Therefore, to keep the principle of independence in politics is the fundamental issue that has decisive significance in realizing people’s independence.